|First Person||I, we, me, us, our|
|Second Person||You, your, yours|
|Third Person||He, him, his, she, her|
Should be place next to the word they modify when possible.
Place long conditions after the main clause.
A word to identify any of a class of people, places, things (common) or a particular name of one of these (proper).
A word that replaces a noun. Instead of "Sam likes pizza", using "He likes pizza" would have the pronoun "he".
Shows relationship between a noun or pronoun and some other word in the sentence. The relationship is spatial, temporal or directional. "I walked towards the house" would have "towards" as the proposition as it shows direction. When linked with noun or pronouns, it creates a "prepositional phrase" -- the example being "towards the house".
Used to link words or parts of a sentence together. There are four types: coordinating (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so), subordinating (after, as, although, once), adverb (furthermore, consequently, moreover) and correlative (both...and).
A word added to sentence to convey emotion and is not grammatically related to any other part of the sentence. Example "Wow!". Should be avoided in academic and professional writing.
Descriptively modifies a noun of pronoun. "I am a tall, skinny man" would use two adjectives "tall" and "skinny".
Articles include "a", "an" and "the".
The "doing" words. They show action. They are at heart of compelling writing.
Similar to adjectives, the adverb modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb. "I walked slowly towards the door" would have "slowly" as the adverb.
A verb form that almost always begins with the word "to" and ends with a simple verb.
Examples include "to walk", "to run", "to swim".
Verbs ended in
-ing and functioning as a noun.
Examples include "Jumping is fun", "He liked skiing", and "He had a unique way of whistling".
Verbs ending in
-ing (present participle) or
-n (past participle).
Examples include "The dancing parrots entertained the crowd.", "The wrecked sailboat washed up on shore.".
A transitive verb takes a direct object; that is, the verb transmits action to an object:
An intranstive verb does not take an object:
Ditransitive verbs is one that takes both a direct object and indirect objects.
By their different applications of timing and aspect, past perfect and imperfect verb phrases are used to show the varying ways that actions occurred in the past.
The imperfect tense is used to describe a completed event that occurred over a period of time or an event that occurred within an event. The perfect tense is used to show a brief action completed at a single point in time or to show which of two events occurred before the other.
|Simple past||I swam/we swam|
|Imperfect past||I was swimming/we were swimming|
|Perfect past||I had swum/we had swum|
|Past perfect continuous||I had been swimming/they had been swimming|
More than one actor.
Adjectives and adverbs change to show the comparative degree and superlative degree.
|Sweetly (adv)||More sweetly||Most sweetly|
Intruders are a type of word clutter that add nothing to the sentence:
Adding unnecessary words that repeat the same thing.