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Vim

Vim Packages and creating files

Installing Vim yum install vim of apt-get install vim.

vim -g can actually run the GUI - who cares though. There are a number of different GUI wrappers. gvim is the most popular.

So we have vi, vim - the improved vi and gvim.

Vim modes, navigation and commands

  1. Command/Normal mode
  2. Insert/Ex mode
  3. Mark mode

Basics

KeyWhat it does
xDelete character
:q!Quit and omit changes
:wqWrite and quit
:"File mode"
hLeft
jDown
kUp
lRight
wWord forward
eWord forward last char
bBack word
0Go to start
$Go to end
vHighlight words
%Go to matching bracket/quotes etc
Number, commandMove by certain amount
rReplace
uUndo
.Redo
d (twice)Delete the line
d, wDelete the word
Number, iInsert a number of times
Number, rReplace a number of chars
Number, xDelete certain number of keys
y, move to new spot, pYank the link, then paste
v, then yMark mode and yank
>>Indent forward
<<Indent back
/<word>Find a word
n/NForward search, N upwards
?<word>Search bottom up (N/n swap)
%s/ex/EX/gGlobal ex regex
#s/ex/EX/gcConfirm value swapping
j + jGo back to normal mode
g + gGo to top of document
GGo to end of file
(Jump to previous sentence
)Jump to next sentence
}Jump to next paragraph
{Jump to previous paragraph
aInsert text before cursor
AInsert test at end of line
oBegin new line below the cursor
OBegin new line above the cursor
:r [filename]Insert the file [filename] below the cursor
:r ![command]Execute [command] and insert its output below the cursor

Delete Text

KeyWhat it does
xDelete at cursor
dwDelete word
d0Delete to beginning of a line
d$Delete to end of a line
d)Delete to end of sentence
dggDelete to beginning of file
dGDelete to end of file
ddDelete line
3ddDelete three lines

Copy/Paste

KeyWhat it does
yyCopy current line into storage buffer
pPaste storage buffer after line
PPaste storage buffer before line

Undo/Redo

KeyWhat it does
uUndo the last operation
ctrl + rRedo the last undo

Executing external commands

These are a few of the more advanced things.

: ! ls -al ~ - it will run the command, and then we get the option to run a command.

:r ! cat /root/.bash_profile for example will read in the profile.

Files and buffers

:saveas <name|path>

Repository

https://github.com/okeeffed/developer-notes-nextjs/content/vim/vim

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